Review of Suicide Prevention Training and Resources for People from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Backgrounds

Project Type - CALD Health, Mental health, Public health


In 2014, Queensland committed to developing and implementing a renewed approach to suicide prevention through the Queensland Mental Health, Drug and Alcohol Strategic Plan 2014-2019. The Queensland Mental Health Commission (QMHC) led this developmental work and, following broadly based stakeholder engagement, has developed a whole-of-government, whole-of-community Queensland Suicide Prevention Action Plan.


A critical component of the plan was to develop culturally appropriate and responsive suicide prevention training and resources that meet the needs of consumers and carers from a variety of ethnic backgrounds. Understanding the context of suicidal behaviours for people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities was critical for the development of effective suicide prevention strategies. However, there was  limited information about the attitudes and cultural values towards mental health and wellbeing and suicide and how these impact on suicide prevention.


The aim of this project was to empower community members from CALD communities to recognise and support a person at risk of suicide or self-harm. To this end, QMHC appointed Health Outcomes International (HOI) to undertake a review of suicide prevention training and materials to support culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities. The project sought to identify existing high-quality, culturally tailored resources, information or service gaps and barriers to accessing mental health and suicide prevention support and information for people from CALD backgrounds. In particular, the project focused on people from vulnerable population groups in Queensland who have been identified as communities at high risk of suicide and/or mental illness.A five-stage methodology was developed to meet the project objectives. Key tasks included:

  • Preparation of literature search methodology and conduct of rapid literature review. 
  • Development and administration of online survey.
  • Mapping of resources in accordance to agreed Process Mapping Framework.
  • Extensive consultation involving site visits to eight LHNs in Queensland and telephone and Skype interviews. 
  • Data synthesis and preparation of an issue and options paper. 


The Final Report was accepted in August 2017 and informed strategies to respond to the suicide prevention training needs of people from CALD backgrounds in Queensland and those working closely with CALD communities.